Viruses, Bacteria, Parasites
• Hepatitis A, B, C Virus
• Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
• Other disease pathogens
• Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
AIDS is the final stage of HIV, caused by damage to the immune system.
Difference between Acute and Chronic
Acute: First time infected.
Chronic: Second time infected, or more.
OSHA required Prevention:
• Engineering Controls
• Work Practices
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• Universal Precautions
• Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
• Labeling of Infectious materials, cleaning, disposing of, documenting, containment.
Sharp with Engineered Sharps Injury Protections (SESIP)
• Retractable needles, retractable finger-prick, needleless systems.
Proper recapping of needles
• One-handed motion
• Mechanical device
• Document injury
• Safe sexual contact
• Stop breastfeeding
• Immediate evaluation of presumed illnesses
• Proper usage of tools
• Workstation and environment
• Personal Protective Equipment
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• Equipment used for prevention of Bloodborne Pathogens and OPIM’s.
Consider all blood and other body fluids infected besides:
• Vomit, Nasal Fluids, Sweat, Tears, Saliva, Sputum, Urine
Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
BSI practices are used to lessen the chances of transmissions of any disease or infection. Suspect all fluids as having an infectious disease.